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These temples were staffed by priests (who offered sacrifices and made libations), singers and musicians, as well as male and female prostitutes (whose activities many scholars relate to the fertility cult). Much later than Abraham, the Israelites are warned against worship of the moon, sun, and stars (Deuteronomy ; 17:2-5), though this kind of worship continued under idolatrous kings (2 Kings 23:5-12). By the time we see him in Genesis 12 he is a monotheist, a worshipper of one God.
He apparently used two words for God -- Abraham's monotheism contrasts sharply with the polytheism of his forebears (Joshua 24:2).
(Note: Unless otherwise designated, all scripture references are to Genesis.) You can't adequately sum up Abraham's career in a single paragraph, but for the sake of perspective, here's an attempt: Abraham was a semi-nomadic shepherd to whom God revealed himself, made promises, and entered into covenant concerning Abraham's offspring and the land that they would inherit in the future.
Abraham's belief in these promises was counted by God as righteousness and his faith shaped his life.
Whether Moses was the first to write down the stories of Abraham and his descendents or served as an editor himself, we just don't know. It is difficult to find fixed events in Genesis that can be connected absolutely to dates established from archaeology.
Our focus will not be on speculative theories of sources, but on the Book of Genesis that comes down to us in the Bible and the meaning of that revelation. One approach to dating Abraham is to backtrack from the first fixed event we find in the Bible -- a statement that Solomon laid the temple foundation in the 480th year after the exodus (1 Kings 6:1), which would date the exodus at about 1447-1446 BC.
Another approach to dating Abraham uses a combination of history and archaeology.
Enlil was considered the chief god, with his cult center at the city of Nippur.Abraham's ancestors were idolaters and polytheists (worshippers of many gods).Joshua reminds the people, "Long ago your forefathers, including Terah the father of Abraham and Nahor, lived beyond the River and worshiped other gods" (Joshua 24:2).His devotion to God was such that he was willing to sacrifice his only son.He grew wealthy, married again after Sarah's death, and died at the age of 175 years.